Hardwood vs Softwood

The wood is part of the stem or branches and twigs of hardened plants due to undergo lignification. Wood is used for various purposes, ranging from cooking, made piece of furniture for tables or chairs, building materials for doors, Windows, roof frame, paper, and many more. The wood can also be used as household ornaments and so on. The cause of the formation is due to the accumulation of wood cellulose and lignin in cell wall of various tissues in the stem. In addition to the hardwood and softwood, actually there are still various types of wood that others can we find in the market. Type – the type of wood including porous Wood open (open-pore wood), fibrous Wood (Tight-grained wood), Redwood, wood is resistant to insects (insect resistant), wood that is easily carved (wood crafting easy), and the last is exotic Wood (Exotic Wood).

The science of studying the various aspects of timber concerning the classification of wood as well as the nature of chemistry, physics, and mechanics of wood in various conditions of handling. Once the question of how to identify a hard wood or soft wood be little debate. Especially when conversing in the English United Kingdom. There is the term Hardwood vs Softwood that has a different meaning with hard wood soft wood. Actually, in terms of name you already be aware of the difference between these two kind of woods. But, there are things that makes them different is more than just the level of hardness or softness only. What is that? Review this time will discuss the complete everything.

Anatomical Structure of Wood

Parenkim are generally seen in the form of a network whose color brighter than a fiber network. Generally parenkim are divided into two types, namely apotrakea and parenkim paratrakea. In hardwood timber tract terdapar. Hardwood does not have trakeid fingers. Radius on hardwood compiled by parenkim cell radius. More than 90% of the volume of softwood is composed by the long cells, known as longitudinal tracheida. These cells are relatively long in comparison with the fiber on the hardwood. This prismatic-shaped cells with a closed end. On the walls there are trakeid noktah page.

Hardwood vs Softwood- On softwood, longitudinal parenkim of its existence are classified into 3 namely absolutely no, rarely, there is but the number is not fixed. When adam parenkim’s existence spread among trakeid. The resin is the space between the channels of the softwood made by separation from adjacent cells, this condition occurs early in the development of the wood cells then produce specialized cells of the resin-producing epithelial cells IE. The fingers on the softwood is mostly uniseriate, only a small portion just biseriate. When the fingers are formed channel resin, then the RADIUS in the Middle will be greater where the radial direction found space on interseluler.

Chemical Differences

On every concoction, we want to take as many selllulosa and hemiselllulosanya, on the other hand the lignin and extractive unneeded or separated from the fibers of the wood. The wood chemical composition varies for each species. In General, hardwood or wood needles (Gymnospermae) contains more selllulosa, hemiselllulosa and extractive compared to softwood or hardwood leaves (the island), but his less lignin content. For Hardwoods, Cellulose contains 45 +-2% whereas Softwoods 42 +-2%. There is also a Hemicellulose on the Hardwoods of 30 +-5%, on Softwoods of 27 +-2%. For the content of the Lignin, Hardwoods has 20 +-4% and Softwood 27 +-2%.

Characteristics of Hardwoods

Not all types of soft wood trees have needle-like leaves. For example the wood resin (Agathis sp.). It has the shape of a leaf-laset and wide enough. The term leaves a needle on a soft wood is determined based on whether or not there is an inspection vessel on the framers of the tree trunk. On soft wood has no vessels and wooden fibres contain trakeidas (xilem cells). Soft wood trees known as evergreen as most remain green throughout the year and each year only a few leaves are falling. Soft wood tree has fruit scaly conical or cone so called conifers. In general the kind of soft wood tree trunk shape is cylindrical, and monopodial branch tapered header form.

Characteristic of Softwoods

Unlike the soft wood, hard wood have leaf width (typically change color and fall in autumn in temperate climates). Hardwood trees produce seed in the acorns (oak seeds is a fruit), pods (fruit leather) or other fruit. In addition, hardwood trees have more branches and rounded headers. Not all hardwood trees has waived the leaves in the fall and in tropical areas such as the type of wood is Acacia (Acacia SP.) and sengon (Albizia sp) who never has waived its leaves. Hardwoods have vessels on the tree trunk, the compiler of this that makes the existence of the main differences between the soft wood hard wood. Incidental basis not all hardwoods produce hardwoods and solids. While there are implications of the name hardwood and soft wood, soft wood produces a lot of wood is harder and denser than wood produced by most hardwood trees. Balsa wood for example, which is the world’s lightest wood is the hardwood species. Hard wood that is included in the subdivision of the island of Borneo (spermatophyte closed) is also divided into two orders, namely monocotil and dicotil. The island has approximately 25 family.


Hardwood timber from trees means broad-leaved, while softwood lumber from leafy trees means needle. Both these terms distinguish different types of wood from the leaves. While the hardwood is actually the hard wood in the sense of truth, and soft wood is wood that is soft. There are many differences between hardwood and softwood. The difference can be seen from various aspects as material considerations for you to not be difficult in choosing. All things that related to Hardwoods with Softwoods vs. already written in the article above. We hope it can help you to quickly create and use of wood products to furniture or other objects.

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